基于Vue实现可以拖拽的树形表格实例详解

2018-10-18 8 北风吹雪

因业务需求,需要一个树形表格,并且支持拖拽排序,任意未知插入,github搜了下,真不到合适的,大部分树形表格都没有拖拽功能,所以决定自己实现一个。这里分享一下实现过程,项目源代码请看github,插件已打包封装好,发布到npm上 

本博文会分为两部分,第一部分为使用方式,第二部分为实现方式

基于Vue实现可以拖拽的树形表格实例详解

安装方式

npm i drag-tree-table --save-dev

使用方式

import dragTreeTable from 'drag-tree-table'

 模版写法

<dragTreeTable :data="treeData" :onDrag="onTreeDataChange"></dragTreeTable>

data参数示例

{
 lists: [
 {
 "id":40,
 "parent_id":0,
 "order":0,
 "name":"动物类",
 "open":true,
 "lists":[]
 },{
 "id":5,
 "parent_id":0,
 "order":1,
 "name":"昆虫类",
 "open":true,
 "lists":[
  {
  "id":12,
  "parent_id":5,
  "open":true,
  "order":0,
  "name":"蚂蚁",
  "lists":[]
  }
 ]
 },
 {
 "id":19,
 "parent_id":0,
 "order":2,
 "name":"植物类",
 "open":true,
 "lists":[]
 }
 ],
 columns: [
 {
 type: 'selection',
 title: '名称',
 field: 'name',
 width: 200,
 align: 'center',
 formatter: (item) => {
  return '<a>'+item.name+'</a>'
 }
 },
 {
 title: '操作',
 type: 'action',
 width: 350,
 align: 'center',
 actions: [
  {
  text: '查看角色',
  onclick: this.onDetail,
  formatter: (item) => {
   return '<i>查看角色</i>'
  }
  },
  {
  text: '编辑',
  onclick: this.onEdit,
  formatter: (item) => {
   return '<i>编辑</i>'
  }
  }
 ]
 },
 ]
}

 onDrag在表格拖拽时触发,返回新的list

onTreeDataChange(lists) {
 this.treeData.lists = lists
}

到这里组件的使用方式已经介绍完毕

实现

•递归生成树姓结构(非JSX方式实现)
•实现拖拽排序(借助H5的dragable属性)
•单元格内容自定义展示

组件拆分-共分为四个组件

dragTreeTable.vue是入口组件,定义整体结构

row是递归组件(核心组件)

clolmn单元格,内容承载

space控制缩进

看一下dragTreeTable的结构

<template>
 <div class="drag-tree-table">
  <div class="drag-tree-table-header">
   <column
   v-for="(item, index) in data.columns"
   :width="item.width"
   :key="index" >
   {{item.title}}
   </column>
  </div>
  <div class="drag-tree-table-body" @dragover="draging" @dragend="drop">
   <row depth="0" :columns="data.columns"
   :model="item" v-for="(item, index) in data.lists" :key="index">
  </row>
  </div>
 </div>
</template>

看起来分原生table很像,dragTreeTable主要定义了tree的框架,并实现拖拽逻辑

filter函数用来匹配当前鼠标悬浮在哪个行内,并分为三部分,上中下,并对当前匹配的行进行高亮

resetTreeData当drop触发时调用,该方法会重新生成一个新的排完序的数据,然后返回父组件

下面是所有实现代码

<script>
 import row from './row.vue'
 import column from './column.vue'
 import space from './space.vue'
 document.body.ondrop = function (event) {
 event.preventDefault();
 event.stopPropagation();
 }
 export default {
 name: "dragTreeTable",
 components: {
  row,
  column,
  space
 },
 props: {
  data: Object,
  onDrag: Function
 },
 data() {
  return {
  treeData: [],
  dragX: 0,
  dragY: 0,
  dragId: '',
  targetId: '',
  whereInsert: ''
  }
 },
 methods: {
  getElementLeft(element) {
  var actualLeft = element.offsetLeft;
  var current = element.offsetParent;
  while (current !== null){
   actualLeft += current.offsetLeft;
   current = current.offsetParent;
  }
  return actualLeft
  },
  getElementTop(element) {
  var actualTop = element.offsetTop;
  var current = element.offsetParent;
  while (current !== null) {
   actualTop += current.offsetTop;
   current = current.offsetParent;
  }
  return actualTop
  },
  draging(e) {
  if (e.pageX == this.dragX && e.pageY == this.dragY) return
  this.dragX = e.pageX
  this.dragY = e.pageY
  this.filter(e.pageX, e.pageY)
  },
  drop(event) {
  this.clearHoverStatus()
  this.resetTreeData()
  },
  filter(x,y) {
  var rows = document.querySelectorAll('.tree-row')
  this.targetId = undefined
  for(let i=0; i < rows.length; i++) {
   const row = rows[i]
   const rx = this.getElementLeft(row);
   const ry = this.getElementTop(row);
   const rw = row.clientWidth;
   const rh = row.clientHeight;
   if (x > rx && x < (rx + rw) && y > ry && y < (ry + rh)) {
   const diffY = y - ry
   const hoverBlock = row.children[row.children.length - 1]
   hoverBlock.style.display = 'block'
   const targetId = row.getAttribute('tree-id')
   if (targetId == window.dragId){
    this.targetId = undefined
    return
   }
   this.targetId = targetId
   let whereInsert = ''
   var rowHeight = document.getElementsByClassName('tree-row')[0].clientHeight
   if (diffY/rowHeight > 3/4) {
    console.log(111, hoverBlock.children[2].style)
    if (hoverBlock.children[2].style.opacity !== '0.5') {
    this.clearHoverStatus()
    hoverBlock.children[2].style.opacity = 0.5
    }
    whereInsert = 'bottom'
   } else if (diffY/rowHeight > 1/4) {
    if (hoverBlock.children[1].style.opacity !== '0.5') {
    this.clearHoverStatus()
    hoverBlock.children[1].style.opacity = 0.5
    }
    whereInsert = 'center'
   } else {
    if (hoverBlock.children[0].style.opacity !== '0.5') {
    this.clearHoverStatus()
    hoverBlock.children[0].style.opacity = 0.5
    }
    whereInsert = 'top'
   }
   this.whereInsert = whereInsert
   }
  }
  },
  clearHoverStatus() {
  var rows = document.querySelectorAll('.tree-row')
  for(let i=0; i < rows.length; i++) {
   const row = rows[i]
   const hoverBlock = row.children[row.children.length - 1]
   hoverBlock.style.display = 'none'
   hoverBlock.children[0].style.opacity = 0.1
   hoverBlock.children[1].style.opacity = 0.1
   hoverBlock.children[2].style.opacity = 0.1
  }
  },
  resetTreeData() {
  if (this.targetId === undefined) return 
  const newList = []
  const curList = this.data.lists
  const _this = this
  function pushData(curList, needPushList) {
   for( let i = 0; i < curList.length; i++) {
   const item = curList[i]
   var obj = _this.deepClone(item)
   obj.lists = []
   if (_this.targetId == item.id) {
    const curDragItem = _this.getCurDragItem(_this.data.lists, window.dragId)
    if (_this.whereInsert === 'top') {
    curDragItem.parent_id = item.parent_id
    needPushList.push(curDragItem)
    needPushList.push(obj)
    } else if (_this.whereInsert === 'center'){
    curDragItem.parent_id = item.id
    obj.lists.push(curDragItem)
    needPushList.push(obj)
    } else {
    curDragItem.parent_id = item.parent_id
    needPushList.push(obj)
    needPushList.push(curDragItem)
    }
   } else {
    if (window.dragId != item.id)
    needPushList.push(obj)
   }
   if (item.lists && item.lists.length) {
    pushData(item.lists, obj.lists)
   }
   }
  }
  pushData(curList, newList)
  this.onDrag(newList)
  },
  deepClone (aObject) {
  if (!aObject) {
   return aObject;
  }
  var bObject, v, k;
  bObject = Array.isArray(aObject) ? [] : {};
  for (k in aObject) {
   v = aObject[k];
   bObject[k] = (typeof v === "object") ? this.deepClone(v) : v;
  }
  return bObject;
  },
  getCurDragItem(lists, id) {
  var curItem = null
  var _this = this
  function getchild(curList) {
   for( let i = 0; i < curList.length; i++) {
   var item = curList[i]
   if (item.id == id) {
    curItem = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(item))
    break
   } else if (item.lists && item.lists.length) {
    getchild(item.lists)
   }
   }
  }
  getchild(lists)
  return curItem;
  }
 }
 }
</script>

row组件核心在于递归,并注册拖拽事件,v-html支持传入函数,这样可以实现自定义展示,渲染数据时需要判断是否有子节点,有的画递归调用本身,并传入子节点数据

结构如下

<template>
  <div class="tree-block" draggable="true" @dragstart="dragstart($event)"
   @dragend="dragend($event)">
   <div class="tree-row" 
    @click="toggle" 
    :tree-id="model.id"
    :tree-p-id="model.parent_id"> 
    <column
     v-for="(subItem, subIndex) in columns"
     v-bind:class="'align-' + subItem.align"
     :field="subItem.field"
     :width="subItem.width"
     :key="subIndex">
     <span v-if="subItem.type === 'selection'">
      <space :depth="depth"/>
      <span v-if = "model.lists && model.lists.length" class="zip-icon" v-bind:class="[model.open ? 'arrow-bottom' : 'arrow-right']">
      </span>
      <span v-else class="zip-icon arrow-transparent">
      </span>
      <span v-if="subItem.formatter" v-html="subItem.formatter(model)"></span>
      <span v-else v-html="model[subItem.field]"></span>

     </span>
     <span v-else-if="subItem.type === 'action'">
      <a class="action-item"
       v-for="(acItem, acIndex) in subItem.actions"
       :key="acIndex"
       type="text" size="small" 
       @click.stop.prevent="acItem.onclick(model)">
       <i :class="acItem.icon" v-html="acItem.formatter(model)"></i> 
      </a>
     </span>
     <span v-else-if="subItem.type === 'icon'">
       {{model[subItem.field]}}
     </span>
     <span v-else>
      {{model[subItem.field]}}
     </span>
    </column>
    <div class="hover-model" style="display: none">
     <div class="hover-block prev-block">
      <i class="el-icon-caret-top"></i>
     </div>
     <div class="hover-block center-block">
      <i class="el-icon-caret-right"></i>
     </div>
     <div class="hover-block next-block">
      <i class="el-icon-caret-bottom"></i>
     </div>
    </div>
   </div>
   <row 
    v-show="model.open"
    v-for="(item, index) in model.lists" 
    :model="item"
    :columns="columns"
    :key="index" 
    :depth="depth * 1 + 1"
    v-if="isFolder">
   </row>
  </div>
  
 </template>
 <script>
 import column from './column.vue'
 import space from './space.vue'
 export default {
  name: 'row',
  props: ['model','depth','columns'],
  data() {
   return {
    open: false,
    visibility: 'visible'
   }
  },
  components: {
   column,
   space
  },
  computed: {
   isFolder() {
    return this.model.lists && this.model.lists.length
   }
  },
  methods: {
   toggle() {
    if(this.isFolder) {
     this.model.open = !this.model.open
    }
   },
   dragstart(e) {
    e.dataTransfer.setData('Text', this.id);
    window.dragId = e.target.children[0].getAttribute('tree-id')
    e.target.style.opacity = 0.2
   },
   dragend(e) {
    e.target.style.opacity = 1;
    
   }
  }
 }

clolmn和space比较简单,这里就不过多阐述

上面就是整个实现过程,组件在chrome上运行稳定,因为用H5的dragable,所以兼容会有点问题,后续会修改拖拽的实现方式,手动实现拖拽

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的基于Vue实现可以拖拽的树形表格实例详解,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对三水点靠木网站的支持!

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